A very popular dental treatment performed under the expertise of a dentist is tooth whitening, that is used in removing stains and discoloration. Tooth whitening is a popular cosmetic dental procedure, and almost all dentist perform tooth whitening. Tooth whitening is not just a one-time procedure, it involves series of sessions to maintain the brighter teeth color. The outer layer of the tooth is called enamel, and the tooth color is created by light reflecting and scattering through the enamels, combined with the dentin’s color. Genetic factor greatly affects the smoothness and thickness of the enamel. An enamel that is thinner allows more color of the dentin to show, and a rougher and smoother enamel affects the light reflection and so as the color.
Our teeth create a thin coating or follicle forming on the enamel that picks up stains from the food and drinks we consume, and it also contains pores that hold stains., that’s why our teeth becomes yellowish or discolored over time. The most common causes of yellowish or stained teeth include tobacco smoking, poor dental hygiene, and excessive intake of dark-colored liquids like cola, coffee, tea and red wine. Aging is also a predisposing factor why the teeth is less bright because the enamel gets thinner and the dentin becomes darker. Intrinsic stains or stains inside the tooth also happen because of too much fluoride exposure in childhood while the teeth were still developing. Tooth whitening is considered the most effective on extrinsic stains. Prior to teeth whitening treatment, it is important to treat any tooth cavities because whitening solution can pass through the decayed areas, reaching the inner parts of the teeth. Teeth whitening products cannot make the teeth whiter is the gums are receded with exposed yellow or discolored roots of the teeth. Your dentist will be taking a photograph of your teeth prior to the procedure to help in monitoring the progress of the treatment.
Your dentist will clean your teeth prior to the treatment to remove food particles and bacteria. Whitening gel products can also be applied at home daily for two to three weeks, and your dentist can make trays to hold the whitening gel to fit your teeth properly. There are gel commercially prepared whitening gel to whiten teeth, or whitening agents activated laser light or heat. A dentist may also use different teeth whitening procedure to whiten the tooth inside, by placing a whitening agent inside the tooth and putting a temporary filling over it, left for several days and removed.